MEDICAL: DISEASES: ZIKA VIRUS: 10 Zika Facts You Need to Know Now

 

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MEDICAL: DISEASES: ZIKA VIRUS:

10 Zika Facts You Need to Know Now

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10 Zika Facts You Need to Know Now

Alexandra Sifferlin

May 4, 2016

Time

http://time.com/4318624/ zika-virus-and-birth-defects-what-you-need-to-know/

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/j9y3o9s

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1. Why is there no treatment for Zika?

There are no approved drugs or vaccines for Zika, mainly because scientists long assumed the virus was so benign that it wasnt worth the resources required to investigate treatment.

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2. How can I find out if I have it?

Right now there are no commercial diagnostic tests for Zika, so unless youre pregnant or are a traveler with symptoms, your doctor may not test you. Thats because of the high volume of blood samples already waiting to be tested, which right now can be done only by state and federal health authorities.

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3. Who is most at risk?

Pregnant women who live in or have traveled to Zika-infested regions are vulnerable to the most serious complications from the virus: birth defects.

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4. If Im pregnant and I get Zika, what should I do?

Pregnant women with Zika should get more frequent ultrasounds, which is the only reliable way to detect microcephaly before a baby is born.

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5. If Im not pregnant, why should I care?

With 40 million Americans traveling to Zika-affected countries every year, its only a matter of time before some local transmission of the virus occurs, say infectious-disease experts.

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6. What should I do to protect myself?

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7. Can the government do more to protect me?

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8. What do we still not know about Zika?

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9. So should couples wait to try to get pregnant?

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10. And what about the Olympics in Rio?

The 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics are set to take place in Brazil, which has reported over 1,000 cases of microcephaly. Nearly 800,000 international visitors, including 15,000 athletes from over 200 countries, are expected to attend. This is worrisome to health officialsand some athletes. Hope Solo, a star goalie for the U.S. womens soccer team, has expressed misgivings about attending the Games. She has said: I do want to start a family and I dont want to be worried.

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Zika Virus: What You Should Know

WEB MD

http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/zika-virus-symptoms-prevention

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In this article

What is the Zika virus? How do you catch it?

What are the symptoms of Zika virus?

Is Zika similar to other mosquito-borne illnesses, such as dengue fever, chikungunya, or West Nile virus?

How is Zika virus treated?

What is the connection between Zika, microcephaly, and pregnancy?

Which countries are in the CDC travel warning for pregnant women?

What if I’m pregnant and I’ve traveled to these areas?

Are we at risk of an outbreak in the U.S.?

How are you tested for Zika?

Can Zika lead to other health conditions?

Why should people in the continental U.S. worry about a Zika outbreak in Puerto Rico?

What protective measures can be taken?

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What are the symptoms of Zika virus?

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The disease can cause fever, rash, joint pain, and redness in the whites of the eye. But most people wont know they have it.

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Only about 1 in 5 people with the virus will exhibit symptoms, says Amesh Adalja, MD, a spokesman for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. The vast majority have no symptoms at all.

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Zika has “never been thought of as a severe infectious disease until now,” Adalja says.

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But in rare cases, Zika has been associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome, a disorder that can cause partial or complete paralysis, usually starting in the legs, most often temporary. An increase in that illness has been seen in areas such as French Polynesia and Brazil, where a Zika epidemic has taken place. A study released Feb. 29 suggested Zika may cause the syndrome but could not prove it.

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One U.S. case of Guillain-Barre that may be tied to Zika has been reported to the CDC, Frieden said. But its very challenging to make the link in an individual case, he said, as Guillain-Barre can also follow the flu or other infections.

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What You Need to Know About Zika Virus and Your Pregnancy

No need to delay fertility treatments, but take precautions in protecting yourself from Zika

Dr-Nanette-Santoro, CU Advanced Reproductive MedicineBy Nanette Santoro, M.D.

University of Colorado

https://arm.coloradowomenshealth.com/ doctors-blog/zika-virus-and-your-pregnancy/

OR

http://tinyurl.com/zxamesn

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Zika misconceptions

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There are many common misperceptions about the Zika virus. Most recently, NBC news reported that 31 percent of Americans incorrectly think the virus is transmitted airborne through coughing and sneezing.zika virus pregnancy

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Zika exploded into the mainstream media when its occurrence was potentially linked to a rise in a specific birth defect seen in children whose mother had the virus for any amount of time during pregnancy. The birth defect, known as microcephaly, has a very negative impact on brain and head size as well as cognitive function. Although direct, scientific proof of a causative tie has not yet been made definitively, it seems like it is only a matter of time.

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Epidemiologists from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are examining the data from Brazil. And recent studies of women who have aborted fetuses after having a Zika infection have shown the birth defect of microcephaly along with Zika virus isolated from both the mother and her fetus.

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The risk of having a child with microcephaly is low. For instance, of the 3 million children born in Brazil last year, around 4,100 cases of microcephaly (or .1 percent of all birthsthats 1 out of 10,000) were recorded. We cant definitively conclude at this time that all reported cases of microcephaly are directly linked to the Zika virus.

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Along with mosquito bites, the virus can also be transmitted sexually. According to the CDC, as of March 30, 2016, in the United States there have been 312  travel-associated infections, 27 in pregnant women and six sexually transmitted cases. New developments include the finding that the Zika virus can remain alive in semen for up to 62 days.

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To date, the Aedes (Zika carrying) mosquito has found its way to the southeastern region of Colorado. There are areas of the U.S. such as Texas, Florida and as far north as Washington D.C. where these mosquitos live. Despite the presence of the mosquito, there have been no known cases of local transmission of Zika virus in the U.S.

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Zika Virus

http://tinyurl.com/hg9ze36

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Zika Virus
Also called: Zika

Medline Plus

https://medlineplus.gov/zikavirus.html

Summary

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Zika is a virus that is spread by mosquitoes. A pregnant mother can pass it to her baby during pregnancy or around the time of birth. A man can spread it to his partner during sexual contact. There have also been reports that the virus has spread through blood transfusions. There have been outbreaks of Zika virus in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, parts of the Caribbean, and Central and South America.

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Most people who get the virus do not get sick. One in five people do get symptoms, which can include a fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (pinkeye). Symptoms are usually mild, and start 2 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.

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A blood test can tell whether you have the infection. There are no vaccines or medicines to treat it. Drinking lots of fluids, resting, and taking acetaminophen might help.

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Zika can cause microcephaly (a serious birth defect of the brain) and other problems in babies whose mothers were infected while pregnant. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that pregnant women do not travel to areas where there is a Zika virus outbreak. If you do decide to travel, first talk to your doctor. You should also be careful to prevent mosquito bites:

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Use insect repellent

Wear clothes that cover your arms, legs, and feet

Stay in places that have air conditioning or that use window and door screens

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Latest News

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Latin America Zika Outbreak Should ‘Burn Out’ Within 3 Years, Scientists Say (07/14/2016, HealthDay)

U.S. Army, French Drugmaker to Join Forces on Zika Vaccine (07/06/2016, HealthDay)

Zika Brain Damage May Occur in Babies with Normal-Sized Heads (06/30/2016, HealthDay)

More News on Zika Virus

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Resources

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5 Things to Know About Zika and Pregnancy (Nemours Foundation)
Available in Spanish

CDC Concludes Zika Causes Microcephaly and Other Birth Defects (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Dispelling Rumours Around Zika and Complications (World Health Organization)

Fact Sheet: What Parents Need to Know About Zika Virus (Administration for Children and Families)

Help Control Mosquitoes that Spread Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika Viruses (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) – PDF
Available in Spanish

Mosquito Bite Prevention For Travelers (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) – PDF

Questions and Answers: Zika and Pregnancy (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Zika and Pregnancy (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Available in Spanish

Zika and Sexual Transmission (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Available in Spanish

Zika Travel Information (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Available in Spanish

Zika Virus (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Zika Virus From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases)

Zika Virus and Complications: Questions and Answers (World Health Organization)

Zika Virus Fact Sheet (World Health Organization)
Available in Spanish

Zika Virus Infection and Zika Fever: Frequently Asked Questions (Pan American Health Organization)

Related Issues

CDC’s Response to Zika: Enjoy Your Vacation (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) – PDF
Available in Spanish

Clinical Trials
ClinicalTrials.gov: Zika Virus From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles

References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Article: Placental Mechanics in the Zika-Microcephaly Relationship.

Article: Rising Concern Regarding Pregnant Women and Zika Virus.

Article: Co-Infections from Zika and Chikungunya Virus in Bahia, Brazil Identified…

Zika Virus — see more articles

Patient Handouts

Zika virus disease
Available in Spanish

Topic Image
A photo of a mosquito on human skin
MedlinePlus Email Updates

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Zika virus

Zika virus infection is a mild febrile viral illness transmitted by mosquitoes. The mosquitoes that are able to transmit Zika virus are not normally found in New Zealand.

Ministry of Health

New Zealand

http://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/diseases-and-conditions/zika-virus

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