[Environment] MEDICAL: DISEASES: ZIKA VIRUS : COUNTRIES: GREAT BRITAIN: Zika Virus FROM National Heslth Service (NHS), UK

 

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MEDICAL: DISEASES: ZIKA VIRUS :

COUNTRIES: GREAT BRITAIN:

Zika Virus FROM National Heslth Service (NHS), UK

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Zika Virus

FROM National Heslth Service (NHS), UK

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/zika-virus/Pages/Introduction.aspx

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Introduction

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Zika virus disease is mainly spread by mosquitoes. For most people it is a very mild infection and isn’t harmful.

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However, it may be more serious for pregnant women, as there’s evidence it causes birth defects in particular, abnormally small heads (microcephaly).

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Zika does not naturally occur in the UK. Zika outbreaks have been reported in the Pacific region, and the virus has now spread to South and Central America and the Caribbean.

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Experts predict that Zika virus will spread to all countries in the Americas (including the Caribbean), with the exception of Chile and Canada.

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People travelling to affected areas should seek travel health advice before their trip.

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It is recommended that pregnant women postpone non-essential travel to areas with active Zika virus transmission. These are areas where cases of Zika virus disease have been acquired locally, through mosquito bites, and reported by health authorities within the last three months.

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If you travel to an affected area, you can reduce your risk of catching the virus by using insect repellent and wearing loose clothing that covers your arms and legs.

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Read on to find out:

Symptoms of Zika virus infection

How you catch Zika virus infection

Reducing your risk of Zika virus infection

Advice for pregnant women

If you are trying to get pregnant

How Zika virus infection is treated

Zika virus and blood donation

Zika virus and Guillain-Barrsyndrome

Information about you

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Further reading

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Symptoms of Zika virus infection
Most people don’t have any symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they are usually mild and last around two to seven days.

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Commonly reported symptoms include:

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rash
itching all over the body
fever
headache
joint pain (with possible swelling, mainly in the smaller joints of the hands and feet)
muscle pain
conjunctivitis (red eyes)
lower back pain
pain behind the eyes

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How you catch Zika virus infection

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Most cases of Zika virus disease are spread by infected mosquitoes biting humans. Unlike the mosquitoes that spread malaria, affected mosquitoes (the Aedes mosquito) are most active during the day, especially during mid-morning, then late-afternoon to dusk.

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There have been a small number of reports of Zika virus being passed on through sexual intercourse (from a man to a woman or from a man to a man), although the risk is thought to be low.

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Reducing your risk of Zika virus infection

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Before travelling, seek travel health advice from your GP/practice nurse or a travel clinic ideally four to six weeks before you go. Detailed travel health advice for your destination is also available from the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) website or the Scottish travel health service fitfortravel.

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Additional Topics Covered in This Artcle:

How you catch Zika virus infection

Reducing your risk of Zika virus infection

Advice for pregnant women

Public Health England (PHE) provides regular updates about the current spread of the disease.

Advice for women trying to get pregnant

How Zika virus infection is treated

Zika virus and blood donation

Zika virus and Guillain-Barrsyndrome

Information about you

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Further reading

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Public Health England. Zika virus: travel advice for pregnant women.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/
zika-virus-updated-travel-advice-for-pregnant-women

OR

http://tinyurl.com/ze2httw

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Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Q&As on Zika and pregnancy.

https://www.rcog.org.uk/en/news/
rcog-statement-and-qa-zika-virus-infection-and-pregnancy/

OR

http://tinyurl.com/zegx7fd

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World Health Organization. Zika virus fact sheet.

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/zika/en/

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Travel Health Pro. Zika virus  update and advice for travellers including pregnant women.

http://travelhealthpro.org.uk/ zika-virus-update-and-advice-for-travellers-including-pregnant-women/

OR

http://tinyurl.com/hdxgxhm

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European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Countries with active Zika virus transmission.

http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/zika_virus_infection/zika-outbreak/
Pages/Zika-countries-with-transmission.aspx

OR

http://tinyurl.com/z6uxg96

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Best use of medicines in pregnancy. Zika virus.

http://www.medicinesinpregnancy.org/Medicine–pregnancy/Zika-virus/

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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